TRANSPORT      AIR-ROAD-SEA


 

BY AIR


Warning
-since January 2019 prices have increased to sometimes double the tariff.

-also too many cancellations, 1 or 2 weeks before the flight in particular with Garuda.
-Wings and Lion Air charge for checked in luggage

-the luggage freedom for NAM Air has dropped to 15 kgs

-the luggage freedom for Transnusa is 10 kgs

-do not book domestic tickets long before the flight, eg more than 2 months except
  at the end of Ramadan/Idul Fitri, high season, period around Christmas/New Year


Flores has 6 airports with flights to Sumba, Timor and Bali and within Flores itself. Labuan Bajo has the most funky terminal while Larantuka has the cutest one. All airports, except Bajawa are within a few kilometres from the towncentre. Getting transport into town is easy with always cars and ojek at the terminal waiting for passengers. Prices for flights are including airporttax.
 

Connections & carriers

 

  • Bajawa - Kupang, Timor > Transnusa/NAM Air, Wings
    Bajawa - Labuan Bajo > Wings
  • Ende - Denpasar, Bali >  Wings                                                                     
    Ende - Labuan Bajo > Transnusa, Wings

    Ende - Kupang, Timor > Transnusa                                                                              Ende - Tambolaka, Sumba, Wings
  • Labuan Bajo - Bajawa > Wings                                                                                Labuan Bajo - Denpasar, Bali > Garuda, Nam Air, Wings
    Labuan Bajo - Ende > Garuda, Wings                                                                    Labuan Bajo - Jakarta > Citilink nonstop, Batik Air, Garuda, Lion Air, NAM Air,  Sriwijaya and Wings (with transit)
    Labuan Bajo - Kupang, Timor > Garuda, Wings
  • Larantuka - Kupang, Timor >  Transnusa/Nam Air, Wings
  • Maumere - Denpasar, Bali > Garuda, NamAir, Wings
    Maumere - Kupang, Timor > Nam Air, Wings                                                       Maumere - Makassar, Sulawesi > Transnusa (according to their website, but not bookable via websites, probably at a Transnusa  office only)
  • Ruteng - Kupang, Timor > NamAir

 

https://www.batikair.com/en/

Batik Air including 20 kgs check in luggage

https://www.garuda-indonesia.com/uk/en/index.page 
Garuda including 20 kgs check in  luggage

http://www.lionair.co.id/

Lion Air/Wings Air excluding check in luggage; has to be paid in advance when booking a ticket

https://www.sriwijayaair.co.id/application/?action=index

Sriwijaya/Nam Air including 15 kgs check luggage

http://www.transnusa.co.id/transnusa-2u/en/home/

TransNusa included including 10 kgs check in luggage

 

Bookings can be made

https://www.traveloka.com/en/ (also for hotelbookings)

http://www.nusatrip.com/en (also for hotelbookings)

Note:

Keep in mind that carriers, routes and schedules often change. Therefore bookings best can me made no longer than 2 months in advance (holidays/Idul Fitri/Christmas/New Year) and 1 month before the travelling date outside these periods.


 

RAILWAYS

Sorry, no trains on Flores


 

BY ROAD

The Trans Flores Road runs from east to west, from Larantuka to Labuan Bajo and is around 660 kilometers. In May 2016 for the first time Flores was blessed with the Tour de Flores for which the mainroad was prepared to be in super condition like never before. But, this was in May 2016 :-)  Only one landslide and you will definitely come across some potholes causing delays. Many roads, off the Trans Flores Road are still in bad condition so when travelling more off the beaten track you will find yourself in a real adventure best to handle with a motorcycle of fwd-car.

 

Check also stories (Hit the road Jack).

 

 

More detailed maps:

http://www.florestourism.com/gallery/maps

 

The Trans Flores Road running from Larantuka to Labuan Bajo was in good condition in May 2016; however in the meantime some parts are affected again from the continuous landslides earlier this year and there are many projects including the renewal of several bridges.

 

Warning:

Travel by road on Flores is slow, the average speed on the main road is around 35 km/hour as the road bends all the way (660 kilometers of asfalt is needed for the actual 375).  I have checked some stretches via Google Maps myself. Some of them are close to reality, but in particular the roads inland or off the Trans Flores can hardly be calculated with Googlemaps.

Some examples: travel times claimed by Google Maps to Denge (for Wae Rebo) or the northern route from Riung to Reo are not realistic. You can easily multiply them due to the condition of these roads.

The good news is that except a few kilometers around the small towns there is hardly any traffic. However, sometimes you have to be patient when a loaded truck crawls up the mountain road and it can take some time before it is safe enough to pass the vehicle.

Distances and travel times (more realistic/non stop) on the main road between the towns frome east to west are approximately:

  • Larantuka-Maumere 140 km, 3,5 hours
  • Maumere-Moni, 90 km, 2,5 hours
  • Moni-Ende, 50 km, 1,5 hours
  • Maumere-Ende 140 km (Moni is about halfway), 4 hours
  • Moni-Riung, 180 km, 5 hours
  • Ende-Bajawa 125 km, 3,5 hours
  • Bajawa-Ruteng 135 km, 4 hours
  • Ruteng-Labuan Bajo 120 km, 3,5 hours

http://www.distancesfrom.com/

 

Other roads (partly updated June 2018):

  • Aegela-Mbay is ok (renovated in June 2017)
  • Boawae-Mauponggo (west from Ebulobo) is partly potholed
  • Boawae-Mauponggo via Mulakoli is partly potholed
  • Boawae-Mbay is partly potholed
  • Boawae-Soa brandnew
  • Culu-Sano Nggoang is partly potholed
  • Detusoko-Maurole is acceptable
  • Junction to Todo-Wae Rebo. Except a strech of 500 meters the road to Todo is ok. Todo to Dintor is a disaster.
  • Lembor-Denge via Nangalili (south coast), acceptable apart from the bridge  which is under construction
  • Maumbawa-Mataloko is acceptable
  • Maumere-Magepanda is ok
  • Maurole-Maumere is ok
  • Mbay-Riung is more or less ok
  • Mbay-Maurole is potholed/ partly dirt road (or mud and rivers to cross!)
  • Nangahala-Pruda is partly potholed
  • Nggorang-Tobedo is acceptable
  • Nggorang-Warloka is potholed/dirt road (or mud and a river to cross; May 2018 the river could not be crossed at all)
  • Nobo-Boru, the road around Lewotobi is ok and a nice detour on your way back to Maumere
  • Pamakoe-Wajo is partly potholed
  • Reo-Pota is partly potholed
  • Reo-Lemarang is ok.... untill the once used to be bridge which has collapsed. Only passable for motorbikes (via a rickety bamboo bridge)
  • Riung-Bajawa  is partly potholed (via Mbay and Boawae a better choice)
  • Riung-Pota is a disaster, potholed/dirt road, mud
  • Ruteng-Denge via Iteng, potholed and in bad condition
  • Ruteng-Iteng is very bad and potlholed
  • Ruteng-Liang Bua (homo florienses), 45 minutes and ok
  • Ruteng-Reo is partly potholed
  • Ruteng-any road west or east of Ruteng are reasonable
  • Tobedo-Buleng: dirt road (or mud after rain)
  • Wailolong-Ile Padung: until the junction in Kawaliwu it's ok but on to Ile Padung it will be bumpy

Almost every road leading to a waterfall takes a long time as many of them are in the rainforest.

 

Bus

Long distance buses run between the towns of Larantuka, Maumere, Ende, Mbay, Riung, Bajawa, Reo, Ruteng and Labuan Bajo, starting early in the morning. No fixed schedules. Buses are small and simple and you will travel together with the locals and everything they carry (including chickens, freezers, huge baskets with eggs… well fill in yourself). If you are (un)lucky (part of the adventure?) a tire has to be changed on route. There are no big airconditioned touringcars on Flores.

Outside the main route you can travel to more (remote) destinations but schedules of bemo/angkot are unreliable while other bad roads only can be handled by public trucks. Both bemo/angkot or trucks are very few. To reach these aereas it is best to hire a fwd but as there are few fwd's on Flores a motorcycle is an alternative.

 

Bemo -Angkot

Within town run minibuses (bemo or angkot) which is always the cheapest way in town. Count on Rp 3000 within town.

 

Car with driver

Don’t even think about driving yourself in Indonesia! Although roads are almost empty, many western people are not used to drive on the left side and if in case there is an accident you will regret for the rest of your life you ever intended to drive yourself. Hiring a car with driver is about the same price as hiring the same car without one. As a passenger you don’ t have to take care of the traffic but only enjoy the beauty of Flores and therefore more relaxed.

Arriving at the airport you can easily get a car with driver. You don’t need to look for them, they will find yóu. Rates depend on distance an how many days you want to hire the car. Count on anything between Rp 700.000 and Rp 900.000 for one day. Negotiable of course. Booking in advance is possible too. You can contact me to find you a reliable driver with a decent car.

 

How to... (please read this if you want to hire a car with driver)

Many tourists come from Bali to Flores and will be disappointed by the high(er) prices for hiring a car with driver. So, maybe some explanation is needed.

Many of the cars on Flores are from Bali or Surabaya and Jakarta (Jawa). This means extra costs of transportation, plus costs for converting the license plate or if not, every year a trip to pay for the cartax at the spot (thus Bali or Jawa).  Maintenance and replacing spare parts is more expensive as well as there is no decent stock. On top of that the tourisme on Flores is not yet a fulltime business like on Bali for example.  And, at last, the standard of living on Flores (and other islands of NTT) is higher.

 

For hiring a car with driver (and/or guide) there are many possibilities.

Most people start in Maumere and travel overland to Labuan Bajo. Sometimes in 3 days (yes, there are) and sometimes in 2 weeks and anything in between. Drivers can take you from place to place but sometimes they also can guide you  with  (sometimes) extra costs. Also drivers have various systems. Sometimes you are asked for a minimum 3 to 5 days carhire, sometimes you are charged for an empty leg (at the end the driver needs to go back), some prices are low end, some are high end, sometimes the guiding is included, sometimes it is not and sometimes you will be extra charged for routes via bad roads like to Wae Rebo or other roads furthe away from the main road.

 

In general with an overland trip with a minimum of 5 days count on a minimum price with an average of Rp 800.000 per day. This includes car, driver, petrol, costs for driver (accomodation/meals). It doesn't work to hire a car for 2 or 3 days from A to B and for example again after a few days. You will lose a lot of money as an additional charge and/or emptyleg will be charged. It depends on business logic, common sense and your nego skills to get a fair price. There is no such a thing as fixed price in Indonesia.

Good luck. If you need help I will be here.

 

Motorcycle (ojek)

Sometimes a motorcycle (ojek) is (more) convenient (than a car or angkot). Count on Rp 3000 - Rp 20.000 depending on distance and your negotiationskills. In Labuan Bajo they often try to rip off tourists.

You can also rent a motorcycle in many places, especially the touristplaces like Moni, Bajawa or Labuan Bajo. Prices should be between Rp 60.000 to Rp 100.000 for a day (excluding petrol). When I checked in Labuan Bajo in January 2019, they all seem to have  the same price of Rp 75.000. In other towns you sometimes can rent just from the ojekdriver or a “friend” you meet on the street.

Hiring a motorbike for overland Labuan Bajo to Maumere is still not the standard so you have to shop around first. If you do so, be keen on the extra charge for sending the motorbike back to Labuan Bajo. Up to Rp 200.000 is reasonable to my opinion. However, I do not recommend to go by motorbike overland. First of all it is quiet a distance, maybe not in kilometers but in time. Second, the Trans Flores is winding almost all of the time with sometimes steep bends and third when it rains it is too dangerous to travel by motorbike. And, it can rain often and a lot on Flores, the biggest part of the journey is through the mountains. Renting a motorcycle is ok for short distances unless you are an experienced driver. One of the tricky problems can be the sudden rainfall when the asphalt becomes slippery and the road is one bend after another. It is more wise to do the long hauls by bus, car of travel (shared taxi) and you can hire a motorbike for shorter distances around town like in Labuan Bajo, Bajawa and Moni. In Ende and Ruteng there is no real touristscene where yo9u can rent a motorbike, so ask an ojekdriver there.

Keep in mind that you formally need a driverslicense for (heavy) motorcycles and a helmet of course. However many tourists rent a motorcycle just with their copy of their passport or their car driverslicense. If everything goes smooth, no problem but if you are involved in an accident you will have a big problem no matter it is your fault or not. For petrol (bensin) stop at one of the Pertamina stations where you can buy Premium for Rp 6.450/litre. Sometimes the Pertamina stations are run out of petrol (…) and cars and motorcycles need to queue up (sometimes for hours!) but you always can fill up along the roadside where you can buy the Premium in Coca Cola or Aquabottles... :-)

 

Travel

A travel is a shared taxi which is a big car or a minibus that runs door to door and is good alternative for a bus. They usually run faster than buses and costs are still low enough. Sometimes they run on schedule and sometimes when (almost) full. Costs depends on distance, between Rp 50.000 and Rp 150.000

 

Gunung Mas is  a well known travelcompany on Flores.

Ende:

Tel +62 8523 9339933 (mobile)
Labuan Bajo:

Tel +62 38541899 (landline) +62 852 39322000 (mobile)
Maumere:

Tel +62 852 39998999, +62 812 3795666 and +62 852 39322000 (mobiles)

Ruteng:

Tel +62 385 1407 (landline)
Tel +62 813 39380830, +62 813 39150257 (mobiles).

Other companies are Puspa Sari and Virgo Travel

 

Taxi

There are no metered taxi’s on Flores. You can take a car from the airport, ferrylanding or busterminal and sometimes from hotels but rates are much higher than the “real” taxi’s you find on Java of Bali for example.

Airport "taxi's" in Bajawa, Ende, Labuan Bajo, Larantuka and Maumere will charge around Rp 60.000 per person.


 

BY SEA 

There are boats in shapes and sizes on Flores.

Long distance journeys are from Larantuka, Maumere, Ende, Aimere, Reo and Labuan Bajo. Pelni is the national company with passengersboats connecting harbours of the whole country. Most Pelniships have a 2 or 4 week schedule and are not always on time. Don’t plan too tight. Pelni

 

ASDP are small ferries which connects Flores with Sumbawa, Lembata, Sumba and Timor.Wooden boats sail between Larantuka and Solor, Adonara and Lembata.

Speedboats run between Labuan Bajo and Sape.   Check their website for schedules on https://www.indonesiaferry.co.id/   

Although the button for English does not seem to work, it is not too difficult to check the schedules. Keep in mind that routes and schedules often change and crossing times depend also on weatherconditions. 

You also can rent a boat (speed or perahu motor). When heading for Komodo NP and you want to visit islands as far as Rinca/Padar/Komodo always look for a boat with at least two engines. Also check the boat on safetyfacilities and that you can communicate with your captain (English, if you don’t speak Indonesian). Boatrental is  vague on Flores with sometimes “fantasy”prices. Prices have increased the last 5 years, especially in Labuan Bajo. If you are in doubt you also can book on a seat-in tour together with other tourists. A private boat for about 10 passengers depending on distance, destination (the seas between Labuan Bajo and Komodo can be very rough from time to time, see also stories) and extra’s (meals, water etc) will cost anything between  Rp 600.000 and Rp 3.000.000. Shop around before you agree and also check the weather forecast for the day of your trip. Therefore it is best to book one day before.

Also check section Renting a boat for Komodo National Park


 

GUIDING

 

For guests who want to explore Flores with public transport and/or want to go to some particular areas, want to climb a mountain or want a trekking it is wise to hire a guide.

 

Al local guide can help you to find your way (climbing, trekking, for example climbing volcanos, trekking to remote villages) and/or is able to understand local tradition and can speak the local language. Depending on their skills (climbing, local tradition and language, English) fees for guides range from Rp 100.000 to Rp 550.000.

Note that some drivers also add a fee for guiding but keep in mind that this is not always nescessary depending on the route, where you want to stop, what to see. There is a huge difference in guiding. A guide who take you to the top of the Inerie is not the same as a guide who takes you to Koka Beach for example.

See also "Car with driver and How to..." here above.

When you need a guide, also when only 1 or 2 days during your trip I can help you with that as well.